# Intro for CHIANTI IDL Users¶

ChiantiPy was not developed to be a clone of the CHIANTI IDL code. The IDL code largely consists of functions that can be used to calculate or plot a variety of properties. Structures are often used to carry the results of one function to be used by another.

ChiantiPy is object oriented. For example, the building block of ChiantiPy is the ion class. It carries with it all the methods that are needed as well as various calculated properties that are kept as attributes. By following the Quick Start guide, you will become familiar with how ChiantiPy works. Because one can always inquire, for example with dir, as to the methods and attributes of a an object, such as an ion, it is easy to remember what you might want to calculate next. For example, you have created an object myion. It is possible to then invoke

myion.popPlot()


to plot the level populations of myion. If you have not already calculated the levels populations, the ion class knows to calculate the level populations (myion.populate()) and save them for later use as the dictionary attribute myion.Population and then plot the specified level populations. The level populations are then available as a 2 dimensional numpy array

myion.Population['population']


Python and IPython provide many tools for examining any give object (everything in Python is an object of some sort)

mg4 = ch.ion('mg_4',setup=0)


By setting the keyword setup to 0 or False the complete setup of the ion is not performed, but a certain amount of information is retrieved. Since neither a temperature or electron density were specified, none of these attributes know anything related to these two quantitities. The default value for setup is True so that the setup is performed with the specified temperatures and electron densities. In general, this is the way you want to construct the mg_4 ion.

for attr in vars(mg4):
print(attr)

IonStr
FIP
Z
AbundanceName
Ip
Ion
IoneqAll
PDensity
Abundance
FileName
RStar
ProtonDensityRatio
Dielectronic
Defaults
IoneqName
Spectroscopic


The Python function vars retrieves the attributes of the mg4 object.

print('%s'%(mg4.IoneqName))

chianti

print('the abundance file name is %s'%(mg4.AbundanceName))

the abundance file name is sun_coronal_1992_feldman_ext

print('the abundance of %s is %10.2e'%(mg4.Spectroscopic,mg4.Abundance))

the abundance of Mg IV is   1.41e-04


One can get a more complete description of the various attributes and methods of the mg4 object

for one in dir(mg4):
print(one)

Abundance
AbundanceName
Defaults
Dielectronic
FIP
FileName
Ion
IonStr
IoneqAll
IoneqName
Ip
PDensity
ProtonDensityRatio
RStar
Spectroscopic
Z
__class__
__delattr__
__dict__
__dir__
__doc__
__eq__
__format__
__ge__
__getattribute__
__gt__
__hash__
__init__
__le__
__lt__
__module__
__ne__
__new__
__reduce__
__reduce_ex__
__repr__
__setattr__
__sizeof__
__str__
__subclasshook__
__weakref__
boundBoundLoss
cireclvlDescale
convolve
diCross
diRate
drRate
drRateLvl
eaCross
eaRate
emiss
emissList
emissPlot
emissRatio
gofnt
intensity
intensityList
intensityPlot
intensityRatio
intensityRatioInterpolate
intensityRatioSave
ionGate
ioneqOne
ionizCross
ionizRate
lineSpectrumPlot
p2eRatio
popPlot
populate
recombRate
rrRate
setup
setupIonrec
spectrum
spectrumPlot
twoPhoton
twoPhotonEmiss
twoPhotonLoss
upsilonDescale
upsilonDescaleSplups


First, at the top of the list are the attributes that were listed by the vars function. Then come a number of methods starting with ‘__’. These are generally not used and called private methods although nothing in Python is really private. In IDL, just about everything is private. After the private methods is a list of the methods provided by the mg4 ion class object. These all start with a lower case letter to separate them from the attributes that start with an upper case letter (this is a ChiantiPy convention).

In the IPython and jupyter-qtconsole, typing

mg4.diCross(


and then hitting the tab key will bring up the doc-string for the diCross method, also found in the API reference in the documentation. And then

mg4.diCross()


calculates the direct ionization cross section of Mg IV for a set of energies above the ionization potential Ip. The direct ionization cross sections are then provided in the mg4.DiCross dictionary.

Experience using the CHIANTI IDL package will provide the user with a background with what ChiantiPy can do. However, the way to accomplish them are much easier but must be learned. The best way to start is with the Quick Start guide and a book about Python. Book suggestions are Learning Python by Mark Lutz and the handy Python Pocket Reference, also by Mark Lutz. The first one is alway in reach and copies of the latter is on all of my computer desks.